10 Bear Facts You Need for Fat Bear Week

3 months ago 21

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Fat Bear Week is upon us. In conscionable a fewer abbreviated days, connected October 11 (Fat Bear Tuesday), 1 of Katmai National Park’s implicit 2,000 Alaskan brownish bears will beryllium crowned the fattest of them all based connected net votes. So, successful solemnisation of these ursine kings and queens, let’s bask immoderate facts astir bears ample and small.

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Fat bears are steadfast bears

Fat bears are steadfast bears

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The bears need to get abdominous to person their champion accidental of surviving the winter. (Did you deliberation these bears are conscionable getting abdominous for our entertainment?) Their fatness is important to the wildlife biologists that show their health—the brownish bears of Alaska request to devour a year’s worthy of nutrient successful six months earlier they spell into hibernation for the winter. The fatter the bear, the much vigor they person to survive.

Hibernation is not sleep

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Bears successful Alaska hibernate for 7 months successful the coldest areas, and 2 to 5 months successful warmer areas. (Other bears, including achromatic bears, besides hibernate for lengths of clip that beryllium connected the upwind wherever they are.) But the bears aren’t asleep the full time. They dilatory down their metabolisms, and they don’t eat, drink, oregon poop. But they tin aftermath up and determination astir during that time, and tin adjacent permission the den if they need.

Baby bears are tiny

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For bears that hibernate, it’s a cleanable clip to springiness commencement and instrumentality attraction of young. (Remember, the bears are not asleep, they’re conscionable chilling.) Baby grizzly bears weigh astir 1 lb astatine birth, oregon astir the size of a tiny squirrel—even though their parent whitethorn beryllium 400 pounds. Baby pandas, similar the 1 above, measurement 3-5 ounces.

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There are 8 kinds of bears

There are 8 kinds of bears

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While we often deliberation of grizzly and achromatic bears (the bears astatine Katmai are Alaskan brownish bears, adjacent relatives of the grizzly), determination are much bears than we typically imagine. Black bears are common passim bluish North America, including the northeast and Appalachian areas. And then, of course, determination are the polar bears. But there’s more! Besides those 3 North American bears, determination are prima bears, satellite bears, spectacled bears, sloth bears, and, of course, elephantine pandas.

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Polar bears person achromatic skin

Polar bears person achromatic skin

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Polar bears whitethorn look white, but their fur and tegument are antithetic from what you usually spot connected a achromatic feline oregon dog. Their tegument is black—the amended to soak up warmth from the sun. And their fur is not genuinely white, but transparent. Each hairsbreadth has a hollow core. Scientists deliberation the operation of their hairsbreadth whitethorn assistance to nonstop immoderate sunlight to their skin, portion inactive reflecting immoderate airy outward to marque them look achromatic for camouflage.

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Bears bash not attraction whether you are connected your period

Bears bash not attraction whether you are connected your period

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One persistent story among hikers and campers is that bears are truthful attracted to the odor of humor that they volition sniff retired anyone who is menstruating (and, presumably, onslaught them). There’s nary information to this. The rumor astir apt started with warnings from the National Park Service aft 2 women were killed by bears successful the 1960s: 1 was menstruating, and 1 had tampons successful her purse. Further probe failed to find immoderate transportation betwixt menstruation and carnivore attacks, though it turns retired polar bears volition devour utilized tampons. (Thanks, scientists.)

The parkland work present conscionable recommends that you support utilized menstrual products retired of the scope of bears, locking them up the mode you would your food, due to the fact that bears whitethorn see them to beryllium tasty snacks.

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Snarling bears successful the movies are hired actors

Snarling bears successful the movies are hired actors

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Have you ever seen a carnivore connected surface basal up and unfastened its rima to roar? While bears tin marque a sort of moaning sound that you mightiness picture arsenic a roar, those shots are often trained bears silently opening their mouths to person a treat. Bear trainer Ruth LaBarge shows disconnected this behaviour here; her bears are trained to basal up and unfastened their mouths connected command. (The roaring dependable is added successful station production.)

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Black bears tin beryllium brown, and vice versa

Black bears tin beryllium brown, and vice versa

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“Black” and “brown” bears are conscionable the names that are fixed to their respective species. Black bears (the smaller, much wide American bear) tin beryllium brownish sometimes. And brownish bears (the taxon that includes grizzlies) tin person a colour anyplace from blond to black.

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Bears tin aquatics and ascent trees

Bears tin aquatics and ascent trees

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Some of the much dubious carnivore avoidance tips discussed astir campfires see proposal to ascent trees, transverse water, oregon tally downhill—as if bears were not amended astatine traversing the woods than america puny humans. They tin decidedly ascent trees (although grizzlies don’t bash it often), they tin swim, and they tin surely tally downhill if they want.

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Bears tin devour 100,000 calories per day

Bears tin devour 100,000 calories per day

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Bringing america backmost to Fat Bear Week, conscionable however overmuch are those abdominous bears eating? A lot, it turns out. Black bears heading for hibernation tin devour 20,000 calories per day, an magnitude that the Colorado Parks and Wildlife bureau visualized by laying retired a pepperoni pizza, a twelve donuts, a bucket of KFC, and assorted different accelerated food, hashtagged #cheatmeal.

But that’s thing compared to our furry buddies astatine Katmai, who are larger and who chow down connected salmon. Early successful the play they devour the food whole, up to 40 of them per day. Later, they devour the fattiest parts, including tegument and eggs, and permission the remainder for wolves and different animals. A afloat time of eating for 1 of these bears tin measurement successful astatine a hefty 100,000 calories per day.