French Writer Annie Ernaux Awarded Nobel Prize In Literature

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The Swedish Academy said French writer Annie Ernaux, 82, was recognized for "the courageousness and objective acuity" of her writing.

French author Annie Ernaux, who has mined her ain biography to research beingness successful France since the 1940s, was awarded this year's Nobel Prize successful literature on Thursday for enactment that illuminates murky corners of memory, household and society.

Ernaux's autobiographical books research profoundly idiosyncratic experiences and feelings – love, sex, abortion, shame – wrong a changing web of societal and people relationships. Much of her worldly came retired of her experiences being raised successful a working-class household successful the Normandy portion of northwest France.

The Swedish Academy said Ernaux, 82, was recognized for "the courageousness and objective acuity" of her writing.

Anders Olsson, president of the Nobel lit committee, said Ernaux is "an highly honorable writer who is not acrophobic to face the hard truths."

"She writes astir things that nary 1 other writes about, for lawsuit her abortion, her jealousy, her experiences arsenic an abandoned person and truthful forth. I mean, truly hard experiences," helium said aft the grant announcement successful Stockholm. "And she gives words for these experiences that are precise elemental and striking. They are abbreviated books, but they are truly moving."

Ernaux is conscionable the 17th pistillate among the 119 Nobel lit laureates and is the archetypal French lit laureate since Patrick Modiano successful 2014. One of France's most-garlanded authors and a salient feminist voice, she expressed astonishment astatine the award, asking a Swedish writer who reached her by phone: "Are you sure?"

"I was moving this greeting and the telephone has been ringing each the clip but I haven't answered," she told the TT quality agency.

Ernaux told Swedish broadcaster SVT that the grant was "a large honor" and "a precise large responsibility."

Olsson said Ernaux had utilized the word "an ethnologist of herself" alternatively than a writer of fiction.

Her much than 20 books, astir of them precise short, chronicle events successful her beingness and the lives of those astir her. They contiguous uncompromising portraits of intersexual encounters, abortion, unwellness and the deaths of her parents.

Olsson said Ernaux's enactment was often "written successful plain language, scraped clean."

Ernaux describes her benignant arsenic "flat writing" — aiming for an precise nonsubjective presumption of the events she is describing, unshaped by florid statement oregon overwhelming emotions.

Ernaux worked arsenic a teacher earlier becoming a full-time writer. Her archetypal publication was "Cleaned Out" successful 1974. Two much autobiographical novels followed – "What They Say Goes" and "The Frozen Woman" – earlier she moved to much overtly autobiographical books.

In the publication that made her name, "La Place" (A Man's Place), published successful 1983 and astir her narration with her father, she writes: "No lyrical reminiscences, nary triumphant displays of irony. This neutral penning benignant comes to maine naturally."

"Shame," published successful 1997, explored a puerility trauma, portion "Happening," from 2000 depicts an amerciable abortion.

Her astir critically acclaimed publication is "The Years," published successful 2008, which described herself and wider French nine from the extremity of World War II to the 21st century. Unlike successful erstwhile books, successful "The Years," Ernaux wrote successful the 3rd person, calling her quality "she" alternatively than "I". The publication received galore awards and honors, and Olsson said it has been called "the archetypal corporate autobiography."

"A Girl's Story," from 2016, follows a young woman's coming of property successful the 1950s.

The Nobel lit prize has agelong faced disapproval that it is excessively focused connected European and North American writers, arsenic good arsenic excessively male-dominated. Last year's prize winner, Tanzanian-born, U.K.-based writer Abdulrazak Gurnah, was lone the sixth Nobel lit laureate calved successful Africa.

"We effort archetypal of each to broaden the scope of the Nobel Prize, but our absorption indispensable beryllium connected literate quality," Olsson said.

The prizes to Gurnah successful 2021 and U.S. poet Louise Glück in 2020 helped the lit prize determination connected from years of contention and scandal.

In 2018, the grant was postponed aft enactment maltreatment allegations rocked the Swedish Academy, which names the Nobel lit committee, and sparked an exodus of members. The academy revamped itself but faced much disapproval for giving the 2019 lit grant to Austria's Peter Handke, who has been called an apologist for Serbian warfare crimes.

A week of Nobel Prize announcements kicked disconnected Monday with Swedish idiosyncratic Svante Paabo receiving the grant successful medicine for unlocking secrets of Neanderthal DNA that provided cardinal insights into our immune system.

Three scientists jointly won the prize successful physics Tuesday. Frenchman Alain Aspect, American John F. Clauser and Austrian Anton Zeilinger had shown that tiny particles tin clasp a transportation with each different adjacent erstwhile separated, a improvement known arsenic quantum entanglement, that tin beryllium utilized for specialized computing and to encrypt information.

The Nobel Prize successful chemistry was awarded Wednesday to Americans Carolyn R. Bertozzi and K. Barry Sharpless, and Danish idiosyncratic Morten Meldal for processing a mode of "snapping molecules together" that tin beryllium utilized to research cells, representation DNA and plan drugs that tin people diseases specified arsenic crab much precisely.

The 2022 Nobel Peace Prize volition beryllium announced connected Friday and the economics grant connected Monday.

The prizes transportation a currency grant of astir $900,000 and volition beryllium handed retired connected Dec. 10. The wealth comes from a bequest near by the prize's creator, Swedish inventor Alfred Nobel, successful 1895.

Additional reporting by The Associated Press.